Kidney disease and male fertility.
Patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) may have alterations in testicular function due to a hormonal imbalance that affects the hypothalamus-pituitary-testis axis.
The testicles have two main functions: testosterone production and sperm production. Both functions are essential for male fertility.
Hormones are chemicals compounds that are produced in one part of the body and can trigger a function where they were formed, near where they were formed, or in a distant place in the body.